The museum was established in 2005. In March 2017, the Museum opened a new exhibition space on the Kościuszko Coast 22, giving it the name "Museum on the Vistula”.
The museum presents the achievements and transformation of Polish art of the XX and XXI centuries. The Museum engages in modern art research programs, gradually expanding its offer to the audiences. The focus is on visual arts, graphic design, industrial design, and architecture. The museum is associated with Warsaw, its history and residents, and at the same time actively participates in artistic life in Poland and in the world.