8 Kolobrzeska, Bydgoszcz, Poland
The biggest, the longest, the highest, the oldest… all these word catch tourist attention all over the world. Poland can boast a lot of such interesting titles. Check with ITS Poland DMC Polish travel agency if you know them all or discover Poland as a freshman.

Polish Travel Agency – ITS Poland DMC advices:

St. Mary Basilica in Gdańsk is the biggest church made of bricks in the world. The church has 5 thousand square meters, is 82 meters high (at its highest point) and 105 meters long.

Malbork Castle is enlisted at UNESCO World Heritage List. The total area of the castle in Malbork is about 21 hectares, which in terms of area makes it the largest castle in the world. It is estimated that it was built of 16 million bricks and 2 million tiles.

The Muskau Arch (Polish: Łuk Mużakowski) is the largest, horseshoe-shaped front moraine in Poland, but also in the whole world. It is about 40 km long. Its width varies and ranges from 3 to 4 km.

The Gliwice radio station is a wooden broadcasting tower in Gliwice, built in 1935-38. Its height exceeds 110 meters, which makes it the highest wooden structure in Poland and in the world. The unique monument of the old technology was made of larch wood, there is not a single steel element in it.

The open-air museum of wooden construction in Szymbark is a board master. The board on display there - the longest in the world and entered in the Guinness Book in 2002 is even pompously called "the ninth treasure of Kashubia". The board was made of 51-meter Douglas fir, 36.83 meters long, weighs 9 tons, and 300 workers worked to cut it. They cut wood for 9 days, 16 hours a day, and used 14 saws. Currently, the record-breaking board has been turned into a table that can seat up to 220 people at the same time.

Peace Church in Świdnica is enlisted at UNESCO World Heritage List and it is the biggest wooden church in Europe. Its interior can accommodate up to 7.5 thousand people.

Świebodzin Figure of Jesus Christ as King of the Universe is the tallest in the world. The reinforced concrete sculpture is 36 meters high, of which 33 meters is for the figure of Jesus, and 3 meters for the gilded crown crowning the monument.

Bochnia Salt Mine is enlisted at UNESCO World Heritage List. It is the oldest salt mine in Poland and at the same time the oldest in Europe industrial plant extracting salt, operating continuously since the 13th century (1248).

Sopot Pier is the longest pier in Poland and the longest wooden one in Europe. It has 511,5 m.  

Suntago near Warsaw is the biggest covered with a roof water park in Europe.

Mechowskie Cave (Polish Groty Mechowskie) is a completely unique place - it is the longest rock cave in the European Lowlands, the only geological peculiarity of its kind in Northern Europe open to the public.

Olecko Market Square is the biggest in Poland. It has the shape of an irregular trapezoid with an area of 64,288 m².

Pułtusk Market Square is the longest in the country. It is the longest market square not only in Poland but in Europe.

Central Cemetery in Szczecin is the largest cemetery in Poland, the third largest in Europe and one of the largest in the world.

The largest wintering place for bats in Europe is located in the bunkers of the Międzyrzecz Fortified Region . Scientists have found 12 species of bats here. The number of hibernating individuals in the entire MRU reaches 39,000.

Kraków Fortress, which was expanded from the mid-nineteenth century until World War I, has a total of over 120 buildings. It is the largest fortress in Poland and Central Europe, and is also enlisted among the largest ring fortifications in the world.

Świnoujście Lighthouse is the highest brick lighthouse on the Baltic Sea, but also in Europe. It is 65 meters high and 308 steps lead to its very top. The range of light is 25 nautical miles.

Solina Water Dam is the largest one in Poland. It is 82 meters high and 664 meters wide. The amount of concrete used for its building was enough to surround the entire Polish border with 1 meter wide and 1 meter high wall.

Palace of Culture and Science in Warsaw is the highest building in Poland. It is 237 meters high and comprises 43 floors. Still, if you take into account the number of floors and the height to the roof, and not to the spire, Wrocław's Sky Tower is the highest building in Poland. There is also Varso Tower under construction in Warsaw. Soon, it will be the tallest building in the country and in European Union.

The highest chimney in our country can be seen in Jaworzno Power Plant. The concrete structure is 306 meters high. Chimneys in power plants in Bełchatów, Kozienice, Rybnik and Warsaw are only slightly smaller (300 meters).

The Rędziński Bridge in Wrocław is the highest (122 m) and one of the longest (1.7 km) road bridges in Poland. It held also the record length until the fall of 2011, when the motorway bridge near Grudziądz was opened. The bridge over the Vistula along the A1 motorway is 1.95 km long, including 400 m above the river.

The Gliwice-Sośnica junction connects the A4 motorway from east to west and the A1 motorway from south to north, and the national road No. 44. It is the largest road junction in Poland and one of the largest in Europe.

The tunnel under Mały Wołowiec is the longest non-urban railway tunnel in Poland. Its length is 1601 m. The tunnel is located under the Mały Wołowiec mountain in the Wałbrzyskie Mountains between Wałbrzych and Jedlina Zdrój, on the railway route from Wałbrzych to Kłodzko.

The Monument to the Silesian Insurgents in Katowice (Polish: Pomnik Powstańców Śląskich), erected in 1967, is the largest and heaviest monument in Poland. It has the form of three eagle's wings, symbolizing the three Silesian Uprisings of 1919-1920-1921.

Meteorological and tourist station at Kasprowy Wierch is the highest located building in the country. It is located 1987 meters above sea level.

Przyczółek Grochowski in Warsaw is the longest house in Poland. The building has a total length of 1.5 km. There are 1,800 apartments in it.

Licheń Basilica is currently the largest church in Poland and one of the largest temples in the world. The basilica tower is also the tallest (141 m) church tower in Poland. There are two viewing terraces on it.

Pelplin Cathedral has the largest altar piece in the country, it was made in the 14th-century. The church itself is also one of the largest churches in Poland (84 m long).

Piotrkowska Street in Łódź is the longest Polish promenade. It is 4.2 kilometers long and is one of the longest shopping streets in Europe.

Vistula River is the longest river in Poland. It is 1 047 km long. 

The highest mountain range in Poland is easy to identify and it is the Tatra Mountains. Here we find Rysy, the highest summit in Poland. It is 2 503 m above sea level. On the other hand, there are the Świętokrzyskie Mountains, i.e. the oldest and lowest mountains in Poland.

The lowest point in Poland is located in Raczki Elbląskie, near Lake Druzno. According to the official measurements of the Head Office of Geodesy and Cartography, the lowest depression in Poland is 1.8 m below sea level.

Hańcza Lake is the deepest lake in Poland. It is 108 m deep.

Śniardwy Lake is the biggest Polish lake. It has 11 487 hectares. 

Biebrzański National Park is the biggest national park in Poland. It has 592,2 square kilometers.

The largest erratic boulder in Poland "Trygław", is located in Tychowo near Białogard. The circumference of the boulder is 50 m, length 13.7 m, width 9.3 m, total height 7.8 m (including 4 m deep into the ground). The mass of this huge block of rock transported by the glacier is estimated at about 2,000 tons.

Wielka Śnieżna Cave is a record-breaking facility in several respects, as it is the longest cave and also the deepest cave of the entire Tatra Mountains, and thus of the whole of Poland. Wielka Śnieżna Cave is 23.753 km long and 808 m deep. It consists of a total of five caves that are interconnected.

If we consider the area, the number one island in Poland is Wolin, which covers 265 km². It is true that the island of Usedom (Uznam) is larger, but it does not belong entirely to Poland.

Chrobry Oak in Piotrowice near Szprotawy in Lower Silesia region is the oldest Oak in Poland. It is 750 years old. The crown span is approx. 16 m, height 28 m, and the trunk circumference 9.92 m, which makes it the largest among Polish oaks in terms of wood volume.

Also in Lower Silesia we can find the oldest tree in Poland. It is growing in Henryków, near Lubań, Henrykowski yew tree age is estimated at 1200-1300 years.

Bory Tucholskie, in the basin of Brda and Wda rivers, is the largest compact forest complex in Poland, covering an area of over 120 thousand hectares. Near Bory Tucholskie, near Bydgoszcz city, the largest Polish boletus was found, it weighed almost 7.5 kg!

The Polish cold record measured at a meteorological station in Poland was noted on January 11, 1940 in Siedlce - the thermometer showed exactly -41° C, and it was a measurement made in a closed meteorological cage at a height of 2 m above the ground. The temperature at the ground was probably even lower.

The highest temperature in Poland was recorded in Prószków in Opole region in July 1921. It was 40.2° C.

All the above mentioned records prove that Poland is really remarkable country to discover and Polish Travel Agency – ITS Poland DMC usually have lots to do and to choose from when we compose our best itineraries. Check our tours offer here and find out what is the best in Poland. Contact our professional group coordinators to start your Polish adventure.

Author: Agnieszka Szwedzińska

Date: 30.11.2020