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It is undoubtedly true that Poland is rich in underground attractions. Four of them are even enlisted at UNESCO World Heritage List. They are geological marvels but also testify about incredibly interesting history of the country.

 

We can easily identify three types of underground attractions in Poland:

 

Natural Caves

When it comes to natural caves the most impressing ones include Raj Cave (Heaven Cave) in St. Cross Mountains and Niedźwiedzia Cave (Bear Cave) in the Sudetes. Both of them have amazing geological cave formations of stalactites and stalagmites and pillars. Raj Cave has even cave pearls which are a real rarity. Other interesting Polish caves include Mroźna Cave in Tatra National Park, Łokietka Cave in Ojców National Park and Mechowskie Caves in northern Poland which are real geological curiosity.

 

Mines

When it comes to former and current mines sightseeing the tourist offer is constantly growing. It is also worth mentioning that the exhibitions are becoming more and more modern and interactive. Here the most interesting examples are three Polish salt mines: Wieliczka, Bochnia and Kłodawa. Wieliczka and Bochnia are both enlisted at UNESCO World Heritage List. They are situated at whitish-greenish-grey salt deposits in the south of Poland. Wieliczka is also famous among tourists for its underground, picturesque, salty lakes. Kłodawa on the other hand is situated in the central part of Poland and is the deepest mine available for tourists as the rout is more than half a km underground. Other very interesting example of a tourist mine is the Former Silver, Lead and Zinc Mine in Tarnowskie Góry , also included at the UNESCO List. The biggest attraction here apart from the modern museum and open air museum of mining gear is Black Trout Drift and possibility of a cruise underground. Another mine really worth mentioning is Guido Mine in Zabrze displaying the tradition of coal mining at two mine levels. In Zabrze tourists will also find Queen Luiza Drift Museum. One more complex that is really worth mentioning is Złoty Stok Gold and Arsenic Mine complex. Here apart from tourist rout and underground cruise, guests can also observe an underground waterfall. Other underground attractions of Poland in mines category include Krzemionki Opatowskie (Krzemionki Prehistoric Striped Flint Mining Region also enlisted at UNESCO World Heritage List), which are stone age flint mines and Uranium Mine in Kletno.   

 

Historical bunker complexes

Finally, the third category includes historical bunkers which in Poland are usually connected with WWII mysteries. Here we have to mention one of the most popular Riese Underground Complex memorials such as Włodarz, Osówka and Walim and joined by similar history underground rout in Książ Castle. Another interesting example of military complex is Międzyrzecki Rejon Umocniny (East Wall) which counts 100 km length. It can be viewed in Pniew Museum. Another interesting rout includes Prussian Fortress in Kłodzko.

 

Here are just the most popular examples of underground attractions of Poland. Still, all of them are very distinctive, unique and worth visiting. They of course do not show all underground tourist sites in the country, for example it is worth mentioning here that there are also interesting underground town routs in Sandomierz, Lublin and Chełm. Therefore, there is no time to waste, discover this extraordinary places on your own and make your own must see list!

 

Author: Agnieszka Szwedzińska

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